LCD Display Using Arduino

LCD Display 16X2

The LiquidCrystal library allows you to control LCD displays that are compatible with the Hitachi HD44780 driver. There are many of them out there, and you can usually find them by the 16-pin interface.

In this tutorial you will learn how to use LCD 16×2 display (and 20×4) with Arduino uno.

You will also learn how to use lcd.begin(), lcd.print() and lcd.setCursor() functions

Image result for lcd 16x2 working

Hardware Required

  • Arduino or Genuino Board
  • LCD Screen (compatible with Hitachi HD44780 driver)
  • pin headers to solder to the LCD display pins
  • 10k ohm potentiometer
  • 220 ohm resistor
  • hook-up wires
  • breadboard

Circuit

Before wiring the LCD screen to your Arduino or Genuino board we suggest to solder a pin header strip to the 14 (or 16) pin count connector of the LCD screen, as you can see in the image above.
To wire your LCD screen to your board, connect the following pins:

  • LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
  • LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
  • LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
  • LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
  • LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
  • LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2

Additionally, wire a 10k pot to +5V and GND, with it’s wiper (output) to LCD screens VO pin (pin3). A 220 ohm resistor is used to power the backlight of the display, usually on pin 15 and 16 of the LCD connector

Code

/*  LiquidCrystal  - Hello World Tutorial
 *  www.genbays.com 
 */
/*
/*
 * You can find the LCD Library from Arduino official website
 * https://github.com/arduino-libraries/LiquidCrystal
 */
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

// initialize the library by associating any needed LCD interface pin
// with the arduino pin number it is connected to
const int rs = 12, en = 11, d4 = 5, d5 = 4, d6 = 3, d7 = 2;
LiquidCrystal lcd(rs, en, d4, d5, d6, d7);

void setup() {
  // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
  lcd.begin(16, 2);
  // Print a message to the LCD.
  lcd.print("hello, world!");
}

void loop() {
  // set the cursor to column 0, line 1
  // (note: line 1 is the second row, since counting begins with 0):
  lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
  // print the number of seconds since reset:
  lcd.print(millis() / 1000);
}